What is 5G technology- A comprehensive guide?

1) What is 5G technology- A comprehensive guide?

By 5G, we mean the fifth generation of mobile networks, designed to improve existing 4G / LTE networks and, in some cases, to replace them completely. This is the new generation network, which, gradually, will go alongside the current 4G LTE until it is definitively replaced. However, the process will be very gradual, and, in reality, it will not only concern the increase in connection speed. But it will embrace a whole series of areas, investing the most diverse sectors. In short, it is a small revolution. Here’s everything you need to know about 5G technology.


2) Besides speed, what is special? 

With vastly higher speeds, 5G has less end data caps and dead zones on the cellular contracts. It also delivers up to 1,000x more capacity than 4G LTE, which creates productive ground for the development of IoT. Moreover, it has low latency, and the combination of minimal latency and higher speed is perfect for augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) applications. 5G has increased bandwidth, and 5G networks create the potential for a large amount of data to be transmitted than 4G networks with increased speed and more network capacity. This technology allows the immediate transmission of huge volumes of data, creating a linear connection between the digital and physical world and between cloud services. Also, 5G will make it possible to develop the entire IoT ecosystem.


3) who/what industry will use 5G? 

The real-time connectivity of 5G makes traffic at road junctions less congested by efficiently identifying approaching cars and reducing waiting times at the red light when there is no incoming traffic.

So far, it has not been possible, but due to 5G even people living in remote areas will be able to access healthcare. Doctors can use augmented reality to treat distant patients. Artificial intelligence, combined with immediate access to massive volumes of health data, helps medical staff diagnose and plan treatments faster and accurately.


By 2050, farmers will have to meet the food needs of 9.8 billion people by using the same amount of land that now feeds 7.8 billion. 5G can improve efficiency by driving agricultural equipment, such as tractors and harvesters, autonomously, and guiding drones to monitor changes related to plant health, soil quality and humidity, to apply the exact amount needed of pesticides, water, or fertilizers.
Public services

5G also helps in emergency services, including police, ambulances, and firefighters. The accuracy of the location information allows rescuers to identify destinations, including in rural areas better. The emergency response is more efficient and will allow you to identify critical areas first and provide more comprehensive assistance.


 (4) Besides cell phone, where can use 5G technology?  

  • Internet of Things: The IoT phenomenon can explode with the new network standard. In fact, 5G supports sensors of all kinds, capable of providing large amounts of data to cloud systems, to be processed through new Big Data and artificial intelligence approaches. 
  • Automotive: It is possible to develop a series of applications that will make vehicles’ movement on motorways and inhabited centers safer, thus transforming the vehicle into an integral part of the “smart city” of the future. 
  • Smart Home: Any electronic device in the home can potentially be connected due to 5G. Appliances, lighting products, energy, and heating systems, all in the logic of being supported by advanced services, are completely available to the end-user.
  • Industrial production and logistics: 5G allows us to eliminate the constraints that currently prevent production automation. This is possible by making extensive use of robots and artificial intelligence, which is supported by the low latency of the new network standard. Similar discourse for logistics and goods handling.
  • Entertainment: augmented and virtual reality is living their golden age, smartphones and tablets are increasingly at the center of the use of multimedia content on the move. 


(5) Compare 5G technology, which country has the best technology? USA or China

The 5G had been deployed in the 50 cities of the USA as of January 2020. Sprint Corp. (S) has rolled out 5G networks in Dallas-Fort Worth, Atlanta, Kansas City, New York City, Houston, Chicago, Phoenix, and Washington, D.C. on the other hand, AT&T launched 5G network in the parts of 35 cities for consumers and 190 markets.

China is a bit ahead of the United States in the deployment of 5G technology. It also ranks second after South Korea in the list of countries that deployed 5G technology in most cities. China has deployed this technology in its 57 cities as of January 2020.


(6) What is the status of 6G?

LG electronics collaborated with the KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) and have opened the research center for 6G next-generation wireless network. China has also announced that it will begin research on 6G from the year 2020. Typically, the new mobile network standard takes the spotlight after every 10 years. So, it means 6G might roll out around 2030.